Scandinavian Folklore consists of many creatures, good or evil, which have frightened folks for hundreds of years. They have been usually meant to scare youngsters, however they’re important and necessary to fashionable northern society even at the moment. Within the Nineties, one thing modified in the way in which widespread Scandinavians noticed themselves and their tradition. They regarded again in time to rediscover their outdated myths and legends, folklore which had been forgotten due to the approaching of Christianity. It was a time when folks feared nature as a result of we have been changing into extra industrialized. The forests, mountains, and sea all appeared unusual, darkish, and magic, and due to that, we at the moment are left with evil spirits and monsters who characterize our personal means of seeing nature.
Huldra (or known as Tallemaja in Swedish) is a troll-like lady dwelling in the woods. She is honest and delightful however wild and has a protracted cow-tail that hides behind her again upon assembly a human. It’s mentioned that Adam and Eve had many youngsters and that sooner or later, when Eve was bathing her youngsters, God came around. Eve had not completed bathing all of her youngsters, and so hid those that have been nonetheless soiled. God requested: “Are there no more youngsters?” and when Eve mentioned no, God mentioned: “Then let all that’s hidden, stay hidden,” and the hidden youngsters turned De Underjordiske (those dwelling underground), misplaced souls who reside underneath the floor of the earth, calling for somebody to be with them, normally human passersby. Huldra was one in every of them, however she one way or the other remained above the bottom. She is a flirtatious younger woman who’s neither good nor evil.
These beings are literally nonetheless crucial in fashionable society. There isn’t a Santa in the form of a fats, bearded man who lives on the North Pole in the Scandinavian Christmas custom. As a substitute, we every have our personal Nisse, dwelling in the barn (that’s to say in case you are a farmer or dwelling in the countryside), like a family guardian. These creatures are typical pranksters however can simply be befriended, and round Christmas, they’ve the identical operate as Santa in Western traditions.
Made well-known by J. R. R. Tolkien, the dwarves and the elves originate from Norse Mythology. The dwarves lived in their very own a part of Midgard, a spot no human might discover. They have been small folks, usually pictured as little males with lengthy beards, who have been grasp smiths, and made the swords, shields, and armor for the gods themselves. The elves lived in a deep forest close by the fortress of Frøy, the god of fertility, known as Alvheim. They have been honest and delightful and generally seen as peaceable creatures.
Mare is a feminine Vette who provides folks dangerous desires at night time by sitting on them in their sleep. She is a standard perception in Germanic folklore and seems in many alternative shapes. The Scandinavian phrases for Nightmare are Norwegian – Mareritt, Danish – Mareridt, Swedish – Mardröm, which immediately translated means Mare-ride and Mare-dream.
Fossegrimmen, or simply Grim (Foss is Norwegian for Waterfall), is a water-creature. He’s a younger, good-looking man who sits bare underneath waterfalls, enjoying the fiddle. He performs the music of nature itself; the sound of the water, the wind in the timber, all of it comes from his music. He teaches people methods to play in the event that they secretly introduced him a stolen piece of meat. Torgeir Augundsson (1801-1872), higher referred to as Myllarguten, was a well-known fiddle participant from Telemark, Norway, who was so good it was rumored he had bought his soul in change for Fossegrimmen’s expertise.
The troll comes from Norse Mythology, impressed by the merciless giants who have been the primary enemies of the gods, referred to as jotner/jotuner/jötunn, who lived in the mountains of Utgard. They’ve a human-like look, however they’re extremely ugly and big, and each story about them tells of how silly they’re. There have been trolls of all types in the outdated tales, some dwelling in the excessive mountains, in castles carved out of the stone, in deep forests, and a few even by the shore. Upon the arrival of Christianity across the 1300s, the tales modified. The trolls have been capable of odor the blood of a Christian man, and mainly, they stood for something of the outdated instances, which the brand new faith condemned. Oh, and in the event that they ever got here in contact with daylight, they turned to stone.
Nökken/Nyk/Nykkjen is a mysterious water creature residing in freshwater, lakes, and deep ponds. He’s, in Norwegian custom, described as a darkish monster together with his eyes simply above the floor, watching as folks stroll by. He’s a fantastic younger man in Swedish custom, tricking ladies into leaping into the water after which drowning them. He’s a shapeshifter and may change right into a white horse, letting younger youngsters journey on his again after which leaping with them again into his pond. He’s additionally mentioned to be a proficient musician, enjoying the violin in order that the villagers can hear him at night time. There have been methods to guard oneself from him; you might throw a bit of steel into the water, like a needle or an iron cross, and so save your self. If he had already attacked, you might overpower him by saying his identify. “Nyk! Nyk! Naal i vatn. Jomfru Maria kastet styaal i vatn! Du sæk, æk flyt!” was a riddle for cover, that means: “Nyk! Nyk! Needle in the water. The Virgin Mary threw metal in the water! You might be sinking; I float!”
Draugen, from Norse “draugr” that means ghost. One more water creature, this one is one thing you actually wouldn’t wish to meet while you’re out in your boat. Draugen is the ghost of a person who died at sea. He’s big and monster-like and lined in seaweed, rowing in half a ship. He erupts a horrible scream when he seems, and legend has it he may be seen throughout stormy nights at sea, drowning sailors and fishermen and sinking their boats and ships. There’s a story of a person who as soon as ran from Draugen and right into a churchyard, the place he shouted for the spirits of the useless to guard him. The day after, all of the graves have been open, and the churchyard was lined in seaweed. Today, Draugen is often related to something darkish and mystical in regards to the sea.
Kraken might be a creature most individuals will acknowledge. It’s been used in a number of films, like Pirates of the Caribbean and Conflict of the Titans, however initially, the Kraken belongs in the chilly Norwegian Sea, the place it was first mentioned to be seen in the early 1700s. The primary detailed description was made by the Danish author and biologist Erik Pontoppidan in 1752. In outdated instances, the Kraken was mentioned to be in the form of an enormous crab, the dimensions of an island, and lots of sailors and fishermen discovered themselves stranded on an island that had not been there minutes earlier than. Later descriptions inform of a monster in the form of an infinite octopus, which dragged ships right down to the underside of the ocean.
Within the Norse perception system, valkyries have been supernatural ladies who decided who lived and died on the battlefield. Subsequently, they might take a choose group of the slain warriors on horseback to Odin’s corridor, Valhalla, the place they might be part of the einherjar, the unique entourage preventing for sport in the course of the days and feast at night time. The Edda, a textbook about Norse mythology written in the thirteenth century by the Icelander Snorri Sturluson, claims that the valkyries served drinks to fallen warriors in Valhalla. However older sources, that are nearer to what the Vikings thought and believed, normally emphasize the valkyries’ warlike points and their company over life and demise. Viking poets confer with them as “sword ladies,” “spear maidens,” and “goddess of the spear/sword.”