Alexander the Great could have gone down in historical past as one the the best historical kings of all time. In spite of everything, we now seek advice from him as the Great. However whereas his legacy is that of the best man to have ever lived and conquered, is he as nice as historical past remembers?

10 He Inherited Every thing

Phillip II of Macedon

Alexander was the son of King Phillip II. Phillip was liable for getting Alexander’s kingdom, Macedonia, on the radar when the 2 fundamental powers have been the Greeks and Persians. Phillip was capable of gain control of Greece by coaching his troops to maneuver in strict formations, armed with lengthy pikes and utilizing cavalry as a strike drive. This type of preventing was based mostly off the Greek phalanx and could be the premise of Alexander’s military.

Alexander was handed an amazing set of playing cards by his father, who created the muse of the Macedonian kingdom. Contemplating that it was Phillip who initially introduced peace to the Macedonians, created the navy drive, and gained energy over Greece, he was the true mastermind of Macedonian energy, and Alexander was fortunate sufficient to journey on the coattails of his father’s work.

9 Conquering Greece Was Straightforward

Alexander didn’t conquer the Greece recognized for such heroic efforts because the Battles of Thermopylae or Marathon. Actually, he conquered the civil conflict–stricken, disbanded metropolis states that occupied the land of Greece. The strongest metropolis states, most notably Athens and Sparta, took the brunt of the Persian invasion and began to conflict towards one another for energy in Greece. The nice Greek unity that helped to carry off the Persians was damaged, and the Greek armies have been weak from constant war.

So when Alexander took over his father’s kingdom and demanded Greek loyalty, that they had no alternative however to take action—not due to Alexander’s navy prowess however due to their very own weak point.

8 He Was Handed A lot Of The Land He Conquered

Alexander Cyrus Tomb

Lots of the lands that Alexander conquered have been kind of given to him with out a lot resistance. We’ve already coated that Alexander’s father was really the one who took management of the Greeks, however we’ll now have a look at a few different “conquered nations” that Alexander could not deserve full credit score for.

When Alexander went south to beat the lands of Egypt, he was met with basically no opposition. The Egyptians felt united with Greece of their battle towards the Persian Empire, so when Alexander got here, they mainly handed him the throne.

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Even when battling with the Persians, Alexander’s nice status allowed him a bonus. The Persian troops have been so frightened that lots of them didn’t observe their instructions. The weak factors created by these disobedient troops made an organized protection unimaginable for the Persian forces, which might ultimately fall to Alexander.

7 He Cheated The Gordian Knot

Gordian Knot

Alexander’s status made him out to be essentially the most highly effective navy chief the world would ever see, which allowed him to take Egypt with little to no opposition and struck worry into the hearts of his enemies. A big a part of his status was due to his success with the Gordian Knot. It was prophesied that Alexander would conquer all of Asia for loosening it. This brings us to our subsequent entry: Alexander could have cheated the Gordian Knot.

Whereas historic references don’t fully agree on his methodology (although most say he did actually use his sword in some method or one other), it’s a broadly held perception that as an alternative of untying the knot that will present his future, he turned pissed off with it. Alexander pulled out his sword and cut the knot in two. Whereas it was an superior show of his character and confirmed his refusal to lose, the traditional prophets most likely didn’t envision that exact methodology of loosening the knot.

6 He Was A Drunk

Alexander the Great favored to celebration . . . quite a bit. He was recognized to get so hammered that his docs have been involved for his well being. It is a man who survived preventing within the entrance strains of many battles, together with getting hit so onerous on the pinnacle it cracked his helmet in two, and his docs have been nervous that alcohol could be his downfall. Actually, ultimately it might be.

It might be onerous to argue that Alexander’s partying affected his empire or that he was unable to achieve success due to his alcoholism. He did create the biggest empire the world had seen at that time, in any case. Nevertheless, we are able to attribute his alcoholism to his early demise. When partying one evening, he was given a big glass of wine. Alexander chugged it and shrieked aloud in ache. His well being quickly declined till he died just ten days later.

5 He Was An Egotistical Maniac

Alexander The Great

Alexander thought that since he was so profitable, it should imply that he was the son of Zeus. When he was pressured to take his first and final break from conquest after his troops mutinied in 326 BC, he declared that he ought to obtain the honors of a god. A lot of his metropolis states obliged and despatched him non secular delegations.

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Alexander was so filled with himself he thought he wasn’t simply higher than the legendary conflict heroes, reminiscent of Achilles, who motivated him however that he was the infallible son of God. On high of this, he thought himself so vital that he based greater than only one or two cities named after him. Based on the Roman historian Plutarch, Alexander based a minimum of 70 cities after himself, calling them all Alexandria.

4 His Legacy Might Be Made Up


The solely major sources on Alexander’s life that stay have been created after his dying. Actually, most of our details about Alexander was written by historians who lived lots of of years after him. Many of those authors had intentions aside from to retell historical past factually. Many needed to attract ethical classes or create parallels to trendy leaders, reminiscent of Plutarch or Arrian. Others needed to indicate off their writing ability and inform an entertaining story, like Curtius Rufus.

Thus, lots of the nice speeches that Alexander supposedly gave in addition to the nice tales of his conquest might have been embellished and even fully made up.

3 He Didn’t Govern His Empire

Porus and Alexander

Alexander was little question an amazing navy chief, and whereas his status could have been embellished, he did nonetheless create the biggest empire the world had seen so far. Nevertheless, his empire wasn’t even essentially ruled by him. When he conquered a brand new land, he would go away the normal administrative system in place.

In a single well-known battle, the Battle of Hydaspes, Alexander not solely let the king, Porus, proceed to rule his land, however he gave him more land to rule. He then would place cities and troops inside the land to make sure loyalty. By appeasing native rulers, he gained their loyalty, and his empire was ran for him. Though Alexander died too early for his empire to have really been examined, while you take into consideration that he didn’t create the Macedonian-Greek superpower and solely spent his time main navy expeditions, his political capability and expertise was zero.

2 He Didn’t Plan For The Future

Alexander Conquering

On high of probably not governing his empire whereas he lived, Alexander merely didn’t care about its future, both. He didn’t hassle to father an inheritor to his throne or to arrange any type of authorities, and on his deathbed, he claimed that his kingdom would belong to “the strongest.” His final phrases have been, “I foresee a great funeral contest over me.”

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To Alexander, all that mattered was his personal energy. When he died, his total kingdom collapsed, and his land was divided into new kingdoms. These kingdoms have been at fixed conflict with one another for energy. The new rulers needed to be ruthless to keep up their self-proclaimed succession to Alexander. The success of the brand new kingdoms trusted creating a robust navy and sustaining order. These kingdoms would slowly lose energy as a result of fixed disunity and would ultimately give rise to a brand new superpower: Rome.

1 He Was Grasping

Alexander Statue

Despite the fact that he was handed most of his accomplishments, and he was the worst ruler ever, Alexander’s actual downfall was his greed. He wasn’t content material together with his title of king of Macedon, pharaoh of Egypt, king of Persia, and ruler of the Greeks. As an alternative, he needed to proceed till he was king of the world. He needed not simply to outdo each chief earlier than him however even to finest Greek mythology. He needed to be extra well-known than Achilles, and as beforehand mentioned, he thought-about himself a god.

Alexander wouldn’t decelerate even to father an inheritor, and when his troops got here up towards the monsoon season, he marched them via it for 70 days. The troops ultimately mutinied and compelled Alexander to show again. After reaching the security of the Persian heartland, he started to plan the invasion of the Arabian Peninsula and North Africa. Earlier than he might launch his subsequent expedition, he fell sick and died.

Maybe if Alexander would have slowed down just a little and created a extra secure kingdom, he might have lived a protracted, affluent life, maybe conquering all of Asia or as a minimum setting the stage for his inheritor to rule the biggest empire the world had ever seen. As an alternative, he ran his troops and himself into the bottom, and his legacy could be achieved eternally.

Forest is an avid pupil. He enjoys taking time without work climbing, hanging out on the seaside, and usually having fun with the good climate to discovering extra time to cram for his upcoming examination.


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